Once upon a time, the planet Jupiter, or Jove, was the supreme god of the Roman pantheon. After the Roman conquest of Greco-Egypt by Augustus Caesar, and in their attempt to unify both empires, Jupiter was combined with the Greco-Egyptian deity Amon to create Jupiter Amon of the new Republic. In the legendary history of Rome and Greco-Egypt, the Priesthood of Jupiter Amon was often connected to kings and kingship. Priest kings and military leaders who were some of the most powerful well known men in history such as Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar, to name a few.
In the year 331 BC, in the hot Egyptian desert of the Siwa Oasis, at the Temple of Jupiter Amon; Alexander the Great was ordained the Son of Amon by the High Priests of Jupiter Amon. The Siwa Oasis is located between the Qattara Depression and on the edge of the Great Sand Sea, only 50kms from the Libyan border and Alexander’s tomb that was recently discovered at this same location in January 1995. The image below depicts Alexander the Great being Christened as the messiah by this same priesthood.
This coin below shows the horns of Jupiter-Amon on Alexander around the period when the ancient city of Damascus was captured by Alexander the Great in 333 B.C. Could Alexander be “A Ram on the Rampage (8:3-4)?”
Then I lifted my gaze and looked, and behold, a ram which had two horns was standing in front of the canal. Now the two horns were long, but one was longer than the other, with the longer one coming up last. I saw the ram butting westward, northward, and southward, and no other beasts could stand before him, nor was there anyone to rescue from his power; but he did as he pleased and magnified himself.
The rams horn is the hieroglyphic of authority, power, and dignity, and is the most common symbol of the Brotherhood that represents Jupiter or the blood line of King David. In the bible, the Ram (Hebrew: רם) is a figure in the Hebrew Bible. He is the son of Hezron and ancestor of King David. His genealogical lineage and descendants are recorded in 1 Chr 2:9 and at Ruth 4:19. In the New Testament, his name is given as “Aram” and “Arni”. Today, the only natural vocal instrument that the priests were permitted to use, as recorded in the scripture, is ‘The Ram’s Horn’ known as the ‘Shofar’.
The original capital for the Priests of Jupiter was located in Thebes. According to Diodorus;
the temple of Jupiter Ammon was originally built on the eastern side of the Nile (the site of the ruins of Carnac) by his son Osiris, the first coloniser of Egypt. But Ammon himself reigned at Thebes, according to the same writer, and was supposed to be identical with Osiris; and Plato acquaints us that “Thamus (a well-known name of Osiris), king of all Egypt, who reigned in a great city in the upper country, which the Greeks called the Egyptian Thebes, was named Jupiter Ammon.”
Thebes was founded in 1500 BC by a Phoenician Prince named Cadmus. The meaning of Thebes is from the word Theba that signifies ‘Ark.’ The capital for their religion was located in the City of Light, or what we know of as Luxor. The God they had worshipped was god Amon-Ra (Jupiter-Amon). At the temple at Luxor there are many Ram Sphinxs that symbolize God Amon Ra.
The cult of Amon-Ra was introduced by the Egyptians under the XVIIIth Dynasty and Amon, who according to Plutarch is the first being and all things, Ra, the sun-god. A fact which is proved by the testimony of the Tell el-‘Amarna tablets. A temple was built near here by Ramses III, who had set up two obelisks in front of it, one of which is now in Paris, and it is said in the legends chiselled on the face of one of these obelisks; ” made these works (the propyla of the palace of the Luxor) for his father, Amun-Ra, and that he had erected these two great obelisks in hard stone before the Ramsesseion of the city of Amun.”
Other names that this Prieisthood of Jupiter have been known by, are the Avral Brothers (Brethren) and later the Flamen Dialis. Marc Antony was said to be the first Flamen voted by Julius Caesar. Below is an image of Marc Antony on a Denarius 31 B.C. Cyrene. L. Pinarius Scarpus, moneyer with the horns of Jupiter Amon.
The word ‘Flamen’ meaning high priest. During the time of the Caesars in Rome, Jupiter was served by the patrician Flamen Dialis, the highest-ranking member of the flamines, a college of fifteen priests ‘who were part of the Pontifical College that had administered the Roman Religion. The high priest became known as Pontifex Maximus, and the Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church says that it was in the 15th century that “Pontifex Maximus” became a regular title of honor for Popes.
The first Pontifex Maximus of this 6th Age was Octavian Augustus Caesar. Below is Octavian on a Denarius with the Head of Jupiter Ammon issued by L. Pinarius Scarpus. Scarpus was a survivor of the Imperatorial period. He served at the battle of Philippi as a commander under Mark Antony, and Antony made him governor of Cyrenaica. After Octavian had defeated Antony, Scarpus defected to Octavian’s Roman Army and as governor of Cyrenaica, he issued these rare coins for Octavian. The reverse of the present coin seems to copy Octavian’s denarius with reverse CAESAR – DIVI F, Victory standing left (rather than right) on globe, suggesting that this type of Octavian’s must have been struck before 31 BC.
In ancient Greco-Roman Egypt, the surviving histories reveal that the priests of Jupiter Ammon (Flamen Dialis) were also known as the Djedi (Jeudi, Jedi or Jupiter). The name Jedi can be found today in modern culture as a reference to knights in outer space with super human power. Such as in the world-wide hit movies Star Wars and the Empire Strikes Back where the Gnostic Warrior, Luke Skywalker attempts to master the force within, so he can master the forces without. Luke eventually completes his Jedi (Jupiter) training in order to become a true Jedi (Jupiter) Knight who is referred to as a member of the Jedi Order.