DNA of the Ancient Tribe of Ethiopian Levites

For the purpose of this article, I will mainly concentrate on the YDNA of the ancient Tribe of Levi who are also known as the Levites, simply 247S1 Benjamin Netanyahu & Ethiopians. Jerusalem Day (6205).jpgbecause of the fact that this tribe was mainly composed of males whose priestly roles were passed down from father to son. If they were males, and their priesthood males passed down their inheritance from father to son, then it makes perfect scientific sense to focus mainly on their YDNA.

In this article, I will attempt to prove my theory that the original Levites were of the E1b1b1c M123+ haplogroup. This theory I will help substantiate by science, using history, geography, the bible, DNA, and what I call inherited Gnosis, since I am also a Levite from the E1b1b1c M123+ haplogroup. What I mean by this, is that these facts, history and blood are not just something I’m writing about as an outsider looking in, but something that is part of my inheritance, my ancestry and in my DNA.

The E haplogroup has been observed in all Jewish groups world-wide.  According to one major paper, Contrasting patterns of Y chromosome variation in Ashkenazi Jewish and host non-Jewish European populations is E-M35, which defines the E1b1b1 (formerly E3b1) haplogroup, and is considered to be the second highest, next to J, for “Founding Jewish Lineages” in Europe. It is found in moderate amounts in all Jewish populations, from Ashkenazi, Sephardic, Kurdish, Yemen, Samaritan, and even among Djerba Jewish groups. The highest variance is observed in African populations (Table A9.1.2), the origin of E3b3 will most probably be among Cushitic/Omotic speaking populations of Southwest and Central Ethiopia.”

It has been said by some scientists that the best possible candidate for E3b Israelite ancestry among Jews is E-M123, which is quite common in many Semitic language communities, including among both Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews, accounting for over 10% of all male lines (Semino 2004). According to Cruciani (2004), E-M123 probably originated in the Middle East, since it is found in a large majority of the populations from that area, and then back migrated to Ethiopia. He further notes that this sub-clade may have been spread to Europe during the Neolithic agricultural expansion out of the Middle East. However, because E-M123 is also found in low percentages (1-3%) in many southern European and Balkan populations, its origin among Jewish groups remains uncertain (Semino et al. 2004). Yet the fact that both Sephardim and Ashkenazim possess this sub-clade in similar high frequency, supports an Israelite/Middle Eastern origin.

The Ashkenazim or Ashkenazis are considered German Jews, and the Sephardim, Spanish Jews from Spain. For the purpose of this article, I would like to focus on the founders and oldest of the Levites who were Israelites, and are related to who we know of as the biblical Moses. Moses was never considered a Jew, he didn’t consider himself one. He was a Hebrew or Israelite (Exodus 1:5,2:11). Moses also married an Ethiopian Queen from the country of Ethiopia which was in existence about 1,000 years before the Israelites and Jews migrated to Germany and Spain after they were banished from Israel. Hence, before there was the German Ashkenazi or Spanish Sephardim Jews, there was Moses, the Levites and Ethiopia who were all originally Israelites thousands of years before there were ever people called Ashkenazi or Sephardim Jews.

The Levites are recorded in the Hebrew Bible as direct descendants of Aaron, Israel’s first High Priest. In fact, the Cohanim are actually a special subsection of the Levites (Telushkin 1997, p. 125). This is key to understanding the true DNA of the original Tribe of Levi, and not current claims or priests who may have different DNA and/or claim to be Levites. They may in fact be modern Levites, but they would not be true ancient Iraelites directly descended from Moses, and only a branch of this original DNA tree.

The reason why this DNA is scattered and that there is much confusion surrounding its origins, are the result of a combination of several factors such as the fact that there was an Exodus, they were banished from their homeland by the Romans, and many were killed and/or conquered over the last 3,000 years. Therefor, a lot of  their DNA has been scattered all over the world, mixed and/or wiped out in many of their original homelands. Another reason, is because when the land of Israel was apportioned among the tribes in the days of Joshua, the Tribe of Levi, being chosen as priests, did not receive land (Joshua 13:33, (14:3). However, the tribe of Levi were given cities. Six cities were given to the tribe as refuge cities for all men of Israel, which were to be controlled by the Levites. Three of these cities were located on each side of the Jordan River. In addition, 42 other cities (and their respective open spaces), totaling 48 cities were given to the Tribe of Levi. (Numbers 35).

This article on the Samaritans briefly explains why there is different DNA reporting, and why some members of the priesthood have different Haplogroups:

Their findings reported on four family lineages among the Samaritans: the Tsdaka family (tradition: tribe of Menasseh), the Joshua-Marhiv and Danfi families (tradition: tribe of Ephraim), and the Cohen family (tradition: tribe of Levi). All Samaritan families were found in haplogroups J1 and J2, except the Cohen family which was found in haplogroup E3b1a-M78.[7] This article predated the E3b1a subclades based on the research of Cruciani, et al.[8] The Samaritan Cohen family were Levites until the previous Cohen family died out around 1700, so the fact that they don’t share CMH is expected. These findings may offer more proof that E1b1 was one of the founding lineages of the Levites.

The Text Below Is Taken From: Multiple Origins of Ashkenazi Levites and Y Chromosomes Traveling South:

The E1b1b1 haplogroup (formerly known as haplogroup E3b1) has been observed in all Jewish groups worldwide. It is considered to be the second most prevalent haplogroup among the Jewish population. According to one major paper it has also been observed in moderate numbers among individuals from Ashkenazi, Sephardic and Samaritan communities having traditions of descending from the tribe of Levi, suggesting that the E1b1b1 Levites may have existed in Israel before the Diaspora of 70 C.E.

The Samaritan community is a small, isolated, and highly endogamous group today numbering some 650 members who have maintained extensive genealogical records for the past 13–15 generations. Since the Samaritansmaintain extensive and detailed genealogical records, it is possible to construct accurate pedigrees and specific maternal and paternal lineages. The Samaritan community in the Middle East survives as a distinct religious and cultural sect and constitutes one of the oldest and smallest ethnic minorities in the world. Y-Chromosome studies have shown that the majority of Samaritans belong to haplogroups J1 and J2, while the Samaritan Cohanim belong to haplogroup E1b1b1a, formerly E3b1a.

Liya KebedeThe bible says Moses is a Levite, and that he married an Ethiopian. Moses was one of the true founders of this bloodline who had married an Ethiopian Wife. “And Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married; for he had married an Ethiopian.”

The image to the left is of current Ethiopian super model, and face of Loreal, Liya Kebede who would most likely be the result of this DNA union between Moses and his Ethiopian wife. Ethiopian women are said by many people to be the most beautiful, and exotic looking women in the world.

If Moses was a Levite and he married an Ethiopian, it only makes perfect scientific sense that we would use modern science to research these areas and see if we can find a dominant DNA Haplogroup that may have been the bloodline of Moses. After all, for the most part, Ethiopians have not been too much influenced by Western society, and have kept their ancient cultures and countries in tact for thousands of years.

All the while, almost every other country that are mentioned in these DNA studies have been ravaged by wars, conquests, new conquerors who have come into these same said countries wiping out all men and boys (AKA YDNA), as they rape all the women leaving a new seed in their wombs and in these countries. It doesn’t take a DNA rock star to figure out that we cannot rely on DNA tests and claims of people who have been conquered, mixed, and whose countries have exchanged DNA hands multiple times. Only an ill-informed, or family agenda pushing DNA scientist would rely on such misinformation.

The facts now, are that science backs these biblical stories up with the truth that many modern-day Ethiopians are racially connected to the E-M123 haplogroup, and also religiously because they practice the same religious traditions they have kept for thousands of years. The E-M123 haplogroup dominates this region, which the bible backs this up by saying this is where Moses and his people were said to have been. In fact, in future articles, I will also prove that the E-M123 haplogroup can be found in many areas where Moses and the Israelites were reported to have been. One of the highest ever recorded frequencies of E-M123 is found in southern most Ethiopia (Semien Omo Zone) among the Omotic speaking Maale in the Plaster thesis.

E-M123 is best known for its major sub-clade E-M34, which dominates this clade, and E-M123 which is the dominant Haplogroup of the Ethiopians. In addition, Flores et al. (2005) found 14 out of 45 men tested in the Dead Sea area of Jordan to be M34 positive (31.1%), and biblically, the Dead Sea was a place of refuge for King David where it is said clearly in the bible; “AND David made him houses in the city of David, and prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched for it a tent. 2. Then David said, None ought to carry the ark of God, but the Levites; for them hath the Lord chosen to carry the ark of God, and to minister unto him for ever.”

Ethiopians arkSo, not only do we have science proving that E-M123 is the major haplogroup of the Ethiopians, we also have E-M123 as the dominant DNA at the Dead Sea area of Jordan, which is the exact same place where King David took refuge and declared that “None ought to carry the ark of God, but the Levites.” Also, the dwelling in caves near the Dead Sea is recorded in the Hebrew Bible as having taken place before the Israelites came to Canaan, and extensively at the time of King David. And we all know who claim to have the Ark of the Covenant, THE ETHIOPIANS!

Therefor, we can either say this science I provide in this article is just an unusual coincidence and just luck of the draw, or we can safely say that this proves the ancient stories in the bible of Moses with the Ethiopians and their thousands of years old religious practices and customs of these same people, proves that the E-M123 haplogroup is the bloodline of the Tribe of Levi.

Here is more science below showing that the oldest direct descendants of Moses, the Ethiopians are in fact E-M123. Hence, now science backs up the stories of the bible with facts, and today we see that they now validate one another as truth that cannot be denied.

In 2004 a scientist named Cruciani et al. found

24% of E-M123 in Ethiopian_Amhara
14% of E-M123 in the Beta Israel of Ethiopia
8% of E-M123 in Ethiopian_Wolayta
8% of E-M123 in Ethiopian_Oromo

Shen et al. found:
20% of E-M123 in Libyan Jews
12% of E-M123 in Ethiopian Jews
10% of E-M123 in Ashkenazi Jews
10% of E-M123 in Yemeni Jews

Shen et al. found:
20% of E-M123 in Libyan Jews
12% of E-M123 in Ethiopian Jews
10% of E-M123 in Ashkenazi Jews
10% of E-M123 in Yemeni Jews

Hammer et al. found:
10% of E-M123 in Israelite Jews
5% of E-M123 in Cohanim Jews

The supplemental data of the Plaster thesis found:
25% of E-M123 in Ethiopian_Maale
13% of E-M123 in Ethiopian_Amhara
10% of E-M123 in Ethiopian_Oromo



By |2014-11-19T09:56:09+00:00November 17th, 2014|DNA, History of the Brotherhood|11 Comments

About the Author:

My name is Moe and I'm the founder of GnosticWarrior.com. A website dedicated to both the ancient and modern teachings of Gnosticism.


  1. ICyou Watchin February 2, 2015 at 11:05 pm - Reply

    I always knew I was a levite. But now I can explain better why. Thank you

    • Moe February 3, 2015 at 4:14 pm - Reply

      It is my pleasure and I’m glad this article helped you.

    • Moe February 4, 2015 at 5:12 am - Reply

      It is my pleasure and I’m glad this article helped you.

  2. Markos Alemu January 23, 2015 at 1:28 am - Reply

    Very sensible and unbiased article….powerful and indeed logical to the extent we actually were emotionally taken back to the very ancient times. This paper is indeed unique in that it has filled the gap that was left with fear by most authors to the extent of rejecting Ethiopian Jews as stranger to the Israelite religion. Thank you, we are now clear about the origin and Identity of Ethiopian Jews

  3. Edward Levenson November 30, 2014 at 4:02 pm - Reply

    Hi Moe,

    Fascinating post.. I’m new to the world of DNA Ancestry; I just received results from 23andme.;
    I’m E1b1b1c1 (M-34).The result states I’m 52% Ashkenasi (speculative). My last name is Levenson. My father is jewish and my mother is of English / Irish / French descent, an “H” Type and non jewish. My paternal grandparents emmigrated from German and Austrian-Poland and there’s a Russian connection. My question is: I read somewhere that E1b1b1c1 may have Simeon origins rather than (or in addition to ?) Levite origins. I read about Napoleon (E1b1b1c1) being used as an an example of a possible Simeon descendant. Can I please get your take regarding M34 and Simeon origins ?

    Thank you,

    Ed Levenson

    • Moe December 6, 2014 at 7:31 am - Reply

      Hello Edward,

      Thanks for the kind words and comment!

      I’m of almost the exact same Haplogroups as you. My father was French Canadian and my mother as well. Their families originally came to Canada from France.

      E1b1b1c1 is of Phoenician origins. The priests of the Phoenicians were known as Ophites, Hivites, and later as the Levites. They were known as the Druids. The Ethiopians are of the same family tree but through the mother of the Cush or black mother. The Phoenicians and later the Greeks are mostly of the white mother. But their kingdom was made of both Phoenicians and Ethiopians since they are close cousins.

      The Phoenicians had sailed and settled the world a loooooooooooooooooooooooooooong time before anywhere else and this would explain how this DNA is spread all around the world in places such as Germany, England, America, Italy, Austria and Russia etc.

      The Simons, Simeons would be the same people just from the family of Simon. All the other saints and high priests are of the same family, but would have or start various sects and cults based on honoring worthy family members. Just some became saints and others did not. Just FYI, Saint Luke is of the H mtDNA Haplogroup and I also believe the E1b1b1c1 E+123 which is the Levite priest family line. M34 I believe to be more the king and warrior DNA Haplogroup of these same people. I could be wrong, but this based years of research, family gnosis and various communications with my ancestors.

      Peace be with you.

  4. enamoredoftruth November 21, 2014 at 2:03 pm - Reply

    Hello Moe, Wow what a beautiful people you have as ancestors! You are truly blessed. Ethiopians are an absolute pleasure to break bread with. And they make the best sugar beets in the world. 🙂

    I do not doubt they have the Ark.

    Would the Falasha (sp?) also carry this same DNA i wonder?

    Thank you Moe for this incredible site. I keep pointing others to this site. There is so much to learn here! Eternally grateful for all the wisdom and knowledge you share! I love what you are doing!

    P.S. And Moe please forgive me my error when I sent you that email. I posted here under enamoredoftruth. Not the other moniker. My bad memory! :/

    • Moe November 22, 2014 at 9:37 am - Reply


      You are very welcome. Thanks for the kind words, and your added comments. 🙂

      In regards to the Falasha or Beta Israel, I’m not certain, but they may be. I would need to look into them more. My understanding is there may be many different branches as a result of these migrations, war, mixing etc. I think the science of DNA coupled with both historical and current customs of these peoples will settle these questions once and for all.

      It is stated in the bible, the Levites were given 48 cities total. I would assume in various parts of the world which would also help explain why this certain DNA haplogroup can be found all over the world, but often in very small concentrations such as in the West. But more often than not, they are in locations of major cities that can be dated back to having their origins corresponding to this time or after. It also explains why we people such as the Beta Israel, Bene Israel and Ethiopians etc claiming descent from Moses, Solomon etc. because more likely than not, they are but some of them may be just closer to the biological YDNA tree or a difference between them may be in the mtDNA.

      For example, my mtDNA haplogroup is H and I’m related to almost 50% of Europe whose mtDNA is also related to the Habsburgs. I’m a curly blonde haired blue eyed man with an abnormally big for the West head, lips and nose.

      This goes in line with my theory is that many of us are related by YDNA, but of course not all by our mtDNA which would explain why we all can look different. In addition, the different countries, religions etc and we see the differences that all can be easily explained.

      This now reminds me of the biblical passage “Can an Ethiopian change the color of his skin? Can a leopard take away its spots? Neither can you start doing good, for you have always done evil.” –

  5. Orion November 17, 2014 at 8:53 pm - Reply

    Hello Mr. MOE, I AM a fan of yours and am educated, and enlighted by all of your comentarys and articles, and audio podcast and your own opinions. I am a recovering addict and really will apply any and all knowledge that you are able to shoot my direction….God bless

    • Moe November 18, 2014 at 10:34 am - Reply

      Hello Orion – Thanks for the support and kind words. Yes my brother. Follow your own heart, listen to it when you have thoughts of love and learn to use your intuition more. This is Gnosis and knowledge can be gained to then perfect this Gnosis and your life for you. I’m also a recovering addict Brother and let’s stay in touch. Peace be with you!

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