Some of the most famous authors and historians such as Josephus and Tacitus had written that the first converts to the Christian faith under Rome were said to come from Crete. It was these Cretan Jews to whom Saint Peter preached on the memorable day of Pentecost, where he had converted three thousand of them to Christianity and who would then preach the gospel on their return from Jerusalem.
“The tradition is, that the Jews ran away from the island of Crete, and settled themselves on the coast of Libya, and this at the time when Saturn was driven out of his kingdom by the power of Jupiter: an argument for it is fetched from their name. The mountain Ida is famous in Crete; and the neighbouring inhabitants are named, which, with a barbarous augment, becomes the name of Jud [Jews.] Some say they were a people who were very numerous in Egypt, under the reign of Isis, and that the Egyptians got free from that burden by sending them into the adjoining countries, under their captains Hierosolymus and Judas.”
Roman Senator and historian, Cornelius Tacitus (110 A.D.) had written that the Jews often traveled to Crete to celebrate the festival of Pentecost in Jerusalem and that they eventually were exiled from the island when Saturn was driven from his throne by the violence of Jupiter. The Cretans are called Idaeans, and then Judieans who eventually became fugitives from the island and who then settled on the nearest coast of Africa in the remotest corner of Libya. They are said to be descendants of the Ethiopians which would connect them to the children of Moses who is said to be the Father of Ethiopia. (The Works of Tacitus: By Cornelius Tacitus – Page 265)
CRETE or CANDIA: Island in the Mediterranean, about 55 miles south of the Morea. Jews had settled there long before the Christian era (1 Mace. xv. 23 mentions Jews in Gortynia, Crete). Philo speaks of the Jews of Crete (“ Legatio ad uaium,” ed. Mangey, ii. 587). About 43.0. the false
Alexander, on his way to Rome, visited the Jewish communities of Crete, which, believing him to be a scion of the Hasmoncans, provided him with large sums of money (Josephus, “Ant.” xvii. 12, §1). Cretan Jews residing in Jerusalem are mentioned in Acts ii. 11. Crete fell into the hands of the R0mans in 67 0.15. ; and the Jewish communities there shared the fate of others under the dominion of Rome: they were treated as Roman citizens under the pagan emperors, but became the objects of persecution as soon as Christianity had become established. Thus, under Theodosius II. (408), the Cretan Jews were expelled. The period of their banishment, however, must have been of very short duration; for it is recorded that in 440 a pseudoMessiah arose among them, and that the faith of the Cretan Jews in him _was so great that they neglected their business, abandoned their property, and Waited for the day on which the new Moses would lead them dry-shod through the sea into the Promised Land (Socrates, “Historia Ecclesiastica,” vii. 36).
Later, the Apostle Paul would go to Crete in order to live for two years as part of a missionary effort of Rome, where he too was successful like his predecessor Peter in converting many of the island’s inhabitants, who were now called Jews, and bind them to Christianity. Before Paul had left Crete, he had appointed the newly converted Roman Gentile, Titus as Bishop to the island, in order that he ordain elders in every city. The facts that two of the most important Roman Catholic Saints and one of the most powerful bishops had spent a lot of time and resources in Crete, proves that this island was most likely the main capital to the Jewish people in this region of the world.
It is here where we can also find actual physical evidence supporting the story of Hiram and Solomon’s Temple. More so than in modern day Israel which many researchers, and even a recent New York Times story shows that some researchers and author have serious doubts that Israel is the true location of the first and second Temple due to the fact there has never been found actual real evidence of Solomon’s Temple. However, if we are to study the ancient history, biblical texts and the many ruins of Crete such at Knossos, we will find a mountain of evidence and stories that would substantiate what I have been saying for over three years which is that Crete is the true first home of the Phoenician Hebrews and Solomon’s Temple.
In fact, it wasn’t until in 2011 when 300 Jews were allowed to come back to Crete in what was called “the Season of Our Freedom” to reestablish a Jewish community in Crete. Professor Mel Alexenberg, Head of the School of the Arts in Jerusalem and former professor of art and education at Columbia University had written this on his blog;
“We celebrated the Season of Our Freedom participating in reestablishing a Jewish community in Crete where Jews lived for 2 millennia.
In 1944, the Nazis herded the Jews of this Greek island into a ship that was torpedoed. All 300 Cretan Jews drowned en route to Auschwitz.
For Pesach 2011/5771, 300 Jews flew into Crete from 3 continents to create a Jewish community in a holiday village overlooking Daios Cove.
The entire village was rendered kosher for Passover. Circular hand-made matzot and rectangular machine-made matzot were served at meals.”
Saint George (Greek: Γεώργιος – Georgios, or Latin: Georgius; c. 275/281 – 23 April 303 AD), surnamed George of Capadocia (Latin for the island of Crete) is one of the most honored Saints that you will find in both the Western and EasternChristian churches. He was born into a highly influential Greek Christian royal family, from the holy island of Crete, Greece located in the Mediterranean Sea. His father’s name was Gerontius and was a leader in the newly established Greco-Roman military, who had trained Saint George in the art of war since he was a young boy. The meaning of the name George is “worker of the land” (i.e., farmer).
The island of Crete was the birthplace of several saints such as George that are now highly venerated in both the Western and Eastern Christian churches. It was at one time the main land for the Greek Jews who would eventually join forces with the Romans under the banner of Christianity after the destruction of Jerusalem. The Greek historian Homer had said, “various tribes jostled each other in that island.” The Apostle Paul had lived on the beautiful island Crete for two years. Hence, for many centuries before and during the advent of Christianity, the island of Crete was one of the most important holy lands for the Ancient Jews and also the first converts to Christianity and the Saints.
These were dangerous times for all and the true beginnings of the fierce religious wars that would rage on for many centuries between the various religious factions, royal families, and the people who were often just as dangerous as the former. A fact, that George would come to understand all too well.
George was made the bishop of Nicomedia in Crete during the late 3rd century A.D., which would become the place of his Martyrdom. (1) Nicomedia was the ancient capital of Bithynia, an important stronghold for a certain ancient Jewish family, that I believe became the Greek Byzantine Empire and one of the most influential families in early beginnings of Christianity. In the year 324, it was at Nicomedia that Licinius resigned his share of the imperial purple to his rival Constantine the Great, and Licinius would become a Roman emperor under Constantine from 308 to 324. Constantine the Great frequently traveled to Nicomedia in Crete and had made this city his place of residence. He later died near his home in the year 337.’ Photius the Great was Patriarch of Constantinople from 858 to 867, and from 877 to 886; he had said that he was of a Nicomedian race, and born in Nicomedia. (2)
The Greek Church was the first to honor Saint George and they had often depicted him in images with a Dragon under his feet and the crowned virgin Mary at his side representing the Church. The Grecians in their Menologe call him the Holy, Glorious, and Great Martyr. Before the young George had become a Saint, he served as a soldier under his father on the island of Crete in the Roman army. George of Cappadocia was also fiercely against any form of paganism and the ancient rites of the Jews. His stance against the Jewish people on the island had made him many enemies and he was said to be especially harsh against his foes, often “inflicting imprisonment and scourges on men and women after the fashion of a tyrant.”
The shout arose, “Away with George!” and “in a moment,” says the Fragmentist, they threw him into prison, with Diodorus and Dracontius, the master of the mint, who had overthrown a pagan altar which he found standing there (Ammian.). The captives were kept in irons until the morning of Dec. 24. Then the pagan mob again assembled, dragged them forth with “horrible shouts” of triumph, and kicked them to death. They flung the mangled body of George on a camel, which they led through every part of the city, dragging the two other corpses along with ropes, and eventually burned the remains on the shore, casting the ashes into the sea.
In the early 6th century, the wife of the first French King, Clovis had erected Altars to St. George in France. A Roman librarian, Anastasius had said that Pope Leo II about 683 built a Church in Rome which was known as the Church of St. George and St. Sebastian. One of the first literary references in England to Saint George was made by one of his descendants, the 7th century Northrumbian Father of English history and Doctor of the Church, Saint Bede in his books, Ecclesiastical History and Martyrologies. From this point forward, the Great Martyr of Crete whose birthday and death would be parallel with that which preserved Easter and Christmas to Northern Europe, by turning pagan festivals to commemorate Christian events.
In attempting to Christianize the pagan Jews of Crete and George’s harsh stance against their old religion, he would eventually suffer a violent death which would later lead to him being highly venerated around the world by his fellow Christian Brothers as one of the first Greek martyrs, Saints, and Patrons. For his martyrdom during the early beginnings of Christianity, George in the year 1220 A.D. would become honored as the patron Saint of England, and he has been the guardian saint of Russia since the early 14th century when they had released themselves from Mongol dominion. Saint George is also the patron Saint to many countries such as Greece, England, Russia, Romania, Israel, Iraq, and the Grand Protector to many important cities such as Genoa, Barcelona, and Moscow, just to name a few.
1. The Lives of Saints Page 145
2. Transactions of the Royal Society of Literature of the United Kingdom, Volume 1 By Royal Society of Literature (Great Britain) PAGE 35
On the northeast coastal area of the island of Crete lying east of the island’s capital Heraklion, and north of the town of Ierapetra and west of the town of Sitia, you will find the most ancient Holy Village of Ayios Nikolaos, which is also known by the names Agios Nik or Ag Nik – Greek: Άγιος Νικόλαος [ˈaʝos niˈkolaos]) and in English – Saint Nicholas.
At the northern end of the harbor of the village on a small headland, there is a famous old Church of Hagios Nikolaos – St. Nicholas, which gave its name to the town.
St. Nicholas is the patron protector Saint of Holy Russia who according to the Russian Orthodox Church, has saved Russia many times from catastrophe. In fact, it is said that almost every church in Russia has at least one St. Nicholas icon and his image has always received the greatest reverence from the Russians. Nicholas is also the patron saint of fishermen, sailors and of all of Greece.
The Church of St Nicholas is surrounded by the largest cypresses which were used anciently to build the ships for the Phoenicians/Cretans and it belongs to the most important holy churches in Crete and its walls are adorned by many priceless frescoes. This location is where it is said that the old temple of Poseidon had stood and the court of the physicians.
There are many other old important Orthodox Churches nearby such as Agios Nikolaos in Ormos, the Early Christian Basilica in Elounda, Kera, Agios Ioannis Prodromos, Hodegetria, Agios Georgios Kavoussiotis and Agios Ioannis Theologos in Kritsa, Metamorphosis in Neapolis, Agios Onoufrios in Voulismeni, Kera-goniotissa in Latsida, Agios Georgios Selinaris, Agios Georgios Vrachassotis Monastery, Fraro Monastery and Megali Panagia in Neapolis, Koufi Petra Convent and Kremasta Convent in Vrysses.
There are quite a few beautiful beaches that are close by as well. Beaches like Ammos, Kitroplatia in the town center, Ammoudi and Havania beaches, which is on the way to Elounda and Plaka pebble beach.
Going back further in time we find that this ancient Cretan town is of extreme historical significance due to the fact that it was one of the twelve towns of Attica. It was anciently called Tenos, which was sacred to Poseidon, the modern town of St. Nicholas is built. It was eventually was melded into one political community by King Theseus who was said to be the founder-king of Athens.
The story of Thesus tells us that he was rescued from the Labyrinth by the Cretan King Mino’s daughter Ariadne and for her Great Work, she was given the Crown that was legally called Gnosia Corona, and she has officially surnamed Gnosis, from the City of the Goddess in Crete – Knossos.
This may be why the village of Saint Nicholas (Ayios Nikolaos) is very close to a Knossos – The City of Gnosis. It was from the harbor of Ayios Nikolaos that was also known as the port from which the Theorise, or sacrificial embassies to Delos. There is also the alleged 4th-2nd century BC settlement of Lato, which I believe is another name for Delos, now Dia.
About two miles from Mount Ida, you will find what was once known as “The Plateau of St Nicholas (Russsian: Ayios Nikolaos & Greek: Άγιος Νικόλαος)” and is more commonly called “The Plateau of Isopata”. It is from this location where you will obtain a most spectacular “royal view” of the city of Knossos and the Harbor below.
It is from this location that researchers discovered one of the largest and most decorated royal tombs ever found on Crete. It was said to be of princely dimensions and construction that no British general, Turkish bey, Venetian noble, or Greek archon was ever buried in such a grave.
Today it is known as the Royal Tomb of Isopata and is said to date back approximately 3,500 hundred years since this burial chamber was completed.
This is also where the famous 3,500-year-old sarcophagus of Hagia Triada was discovered.
As I mentioned, St. Nicholas is the patron Saint of All Russia and according to Russian historians, there are five gates to the Kremlin, in Moscow with the Nikolskiya Vorotui, or Gate of St. Nicholas being one of them. There is a legend that says before the invasion of 1812 this Gate, with the tower, was restored after the late Emperor Alexander came to the throne. But in 1812 the most of the tower was blown in ruins, except for the base of the structure.
The Russians rebuilt the tower in a much more magnificent style than before. Symbolically on the East side of the Nikolskiya Vorotui, is an image of St. Nicholas, in a frame with a lit candle which is always kept burning and a dove over-hovering signifying the immortal spirit of Nicholas. The Son of Man is at the left of the image ascending, and below is an angel known as a seraph holding a three-branched candlestick, said to be emblematical of the Trinity.
The seraphs or seraphim are six-winged beings that fly around the Throne of God crying “holy, holy, holy.” They hold 5th rank of ten in the Jewish angelic hierarchy and the highest rank in the Christian angelic hierarchy of angels that govern this current world.
This is why you will find many religious processions and Christian celebrations all around the village of Agios Nikolaos to celebrate this Russian Saint and why the Village of Ayios Nikolaos is one of Crete’s hottest tourist spots with many Russians traveling here every day to honor their country’s patron Saint.
In our modern era, the great village of Ayios Nikolaos has been chosen by some of the world’s most famous directors to shoot many films that appear to have a secret esoteric meaning such as Jules Dassin, Walt Disney, BBC producers, and many others. These movies and documentaries then led to the rapid tourist development of the area which still exists to this very day.
Movies like “He Who Must Die,“: which was based on the novel’ Christ Recrucified. Interestingly, this movie mirrors true history. The film is about a Turkish-occupied Greek village shortly after World War I, villagers put on a Passion Play, with ordinary people taking the roles of Jesus, Peter, Judas, etc. Staging the play leads to them rebelling against their Turkish rulers in a way that mirrors Jesus’s story.
“My father bones. And his Father’s bones. We’ll build our new village on them!”
The Galilee region was said to be the home of Jesus during at least 30 years of his life. Galilee was home to a people called the “Galatians or Galileans.” This is also the same place in the Scripture where St. Paul wrote a famous letter addressing “to the churches of Galatia” (Galatians 1:2).
He had visited there when he was sick in order to be healed and he calls all citizens of the province of ‘Galatia’ by the name ‘Galatians’ which can be considered at the time as being honorable. In the Acts of the Apostles, Paul says he is traveling to the “region of Galatia and Phrygia“, which lies immediately west of Galatia. (more…)
In satirizing the priestly functions of the High Priest of the Ancient Christian Mysteries, the 2nd century Greek Hellene Satirist, Lucian of Samosta had said, “A holy cock, a divine cock, a genius in the form of a cock, in short, a mysterious and supernatural cock, produced a very different effect in such a performance, on such an occasion, from what a mere natural cock could have done!”
Lucian was ignorantly making fun of the “Holy, Sacred or Divine Cock” which was sanctified since the beginning of Civilization by the Priesthood as the Chief (Supreme/Head) Priest to be in charge of the Temple. Today in the Roman Catholic Church, the Holy Cock is styled “Peter” and we Catholics know him as our first Pope. Then it should be no surprise to you that in the English language, the word cock and Peter is slang for penis.
But let it be said once and for all, that not everyone who has a Peter or is named Peter has a Holy Cock!
Kepha (Kefa, Kepha, Cepha, Hepha) was the city where the Lord Jesus was judged by the Doctors of the Law of Israel ie: The Priesthood of Kepha and condemned to death. In the Scripture, the city of Kepha was said to be separated from the city known as Acco, or Ptolemais, by a large and beautiful harbor. To travel by sea from Acco to Kepha was approximately fifteen miles but by land the distance is double.
The word Kepha means “the head,” but also denote esoterically in religion as, “Ruler, Lord or a Cornerstone (Masonic), uniting two walls.” There are many alternate spellings of the word such as Cepha, Cephas, and most commonly in Scripture as ‘Caiphas.’
Kepha AKA Simon (Saint Peter) was succeeded by five sons and this son-in-law (Jos., “Ant.,” 18, 2, If.; 20, 9, 1.) The family were all Sadducees (Jos., Talmud), and were especially adversarial to the Pharisees. Crete and the name of “Kephala” connect to the biblical history of the High Priests of Isreal known as the Kepha, Simon (Saint Peter) who was also known as “Simon Kephas” and Jesus who was a “member of this Brotherhood.”
According to Josephus, he was also called Caiaphas” and was made high priest (18–36 C.E.) at the time of Jesus’ activity and crucifixion by the Procurator Valerius Gratus (18 A.D.) and that he was removed by the Procurator Vitellius (36 A.D.). His successor was “Jonathan the son of Ananus,”(Annas of the NT) (Antiq. XVIII. ii. 2; iv. 3) .
Historical sources prove the influential priestly background of Joseph Caiaphas who was the son-in-law of Anan – son of Seth, a powerful and important priestly family in Jerusalem (John 18:13); the Mishnah (Par. 3:5) speaks of a high priest named Elioeneiai (*Elionaeus) ha-Kayyaf (ha-Kof), who some say may have been a son of Joseph Caiaphas.
Please keep in mind that Joseph Caiaphas is the same person we know as the Roman-Jewish Historian, Josephus AKA Titus Flavius Josephus born Yosef ben Matityahu who initially fought against the Romans during the First Jewish–Roman War as head of Jewish forces in Galilee.
Therefore, we can say that the Caiphas High Priest and his Brethren of Israel were the true the Doctors of the Law at the time. These hereditary High Priests and Doctors of the Law had ruled from what is known biblically as the “Palace or House/Hall of Kephas (Caiphas).” This was the place where the High Priest of Israel resided, and it was here that Jesus was tried by the Sanhedrin.
An important to note that Simon Kepha – AKA Saint Peter had denied Jesus in one of the courts of the Palace or House of Kephas which was the exact place as mentioned by St. Mark as the two cock-crowings (chap. xiv. 72), thus increasing the guilt of Peter’s denial.
As I had written in a previous article, The Kepha (Head Priest) Holds the Keys to Heaven and Hell, this location has been verified by science and history given the fact that on the ancient Holy Island of Crete sits the Temple of Knossos (AKA Gnosis) at the bottom of a hill that was once called “Kephala.” (AKA Kephala tou Tselevi)
This is also the exact location where archeologists have found “Kephala Tholos Tomb”, which sits north of the palace of Knossos. This was where King Kephalos (Cephalus) of Crete had ruled over the “Villages of Kephalos,” from the steep and lofty headland of Kephalos.
I would like to point out that this name of Kephala tou Tselevi is also an Apocalyptic clue to the historical and biblical origins of these hereditary Israelite High Priests and Doctors of the Law.
The name Kephala means Head, tou may signify king but in the Hebrew/Modern Phoenician, the equivalent is ta’ah which mostly means “deceived, leads them astray, leads to ruin, misled and or went astray.” We find the meaning of Tselevi points to the name of their biblical priesthood – The Levites which corresponds to the “specific roles and legal rites” they were given by Rome under the rules of both Julius and Agustus Caesars.
This is precisely why in the Scripture, the headland or hill of Kephalos was also known as the Mount of Tombs and is called by the Christians, “The Hill of Evil Counsel.” The place where it is said that the princes, priests, scribes and the elders of the law had conspired to arrest Jesus. As it is said in Matthew 26:3-5, “that by subtlety they might apprehend Jesus“, was held in the house of Caiphas.
The Tosefta which is said to be a compilation of the Jewish oral law mentions the House of Kaipha (AKA the Judgment Hall of Caiaphas) as a high-priestly family.(Yev. 1:10) The hill south of Jerusalem where this house is said by tradition to have stood is called the “Hill of Evil Counsel”.
This is why I believe that it was also called Kephala tou Tselevi for these were the same Levite priests who were the first High Priest of the Israelites with Aaron and his brother Moses who could be called the founders of the Levite Priesthood. Joseph was both a Levite Prince and the High Priest with the Coat of Many Colors.
Not many people today are aware that there used to be a giant race of beings that had walked and ruled the earth. Throughout history they have been known in literature as the Nephilim, Anunnaki, mighty men of renown, and simply as giants who became Gods on earth. Men who were renown for the super human mental power, strength, and length in years which they had lived. Nearly 2,500 years ago, the Greek historian, Homer had often complained of the decreasing size of the human species, and in the bible we find these same people written about who are both giant in size and lived to extremely old ages.
Today, there is real true-life modern day science that backs up these stories, and that any one of us can research to find out the truth for ourselves. In fact, the actual bones of these giants have been found all over the world in places such as America, Italy, Peru, Crete and many other countries. Just recently, I had written on these giants in my article titled: The Alien DNA of the Elongated Nephilim Skulls, where I state the words of a geneticist working with one of the world’s top experts on these giant skulls, Brien Foerster who lives in Peru and had the DNA tested on one of the elongated skulls that have been found all over Peru. The Geneticist had this to say; (more…)
For example in the research I will present to you below, I will show you the very building materials that Hiram had used to build Solomon’s Temple such as the cedars and cyprus trees which can found on Crete. Many great historians have actually said that trees like the cedar had originated there. The same exact wood that archaeologists have discovered in the ruins of the Temple of Knossos on Crete which I know as the true ancient Temple of Solomon.
This takes this research to the next level where it becomes more than just a theory. This is actual Scientific evidence that matches the history, biblical story and masonic legends more than any other location and temple ruins on earth.
There were great forests of cypress in Crete for King Hiram and his Masons to utilize in the building of the Temple.
Some of the world’s greatest philosophers and writers such as Diodorus Siculus, Plato, and Solinus speak of groves of Cypress which were held sacred in Crete, near the ruins of the reputed dwelling of the Goddess Rhea, and in the vicinity of the Cave of Zeus on Mount Ida. The Roman historian and philosopher Pliny had said, that Crete was the first natural habitat for the “cypress trees which sprout spontaneously on Mount Ida on the island of Crete, whenever the soil there is disturbed”. (more…)
And from each pilgrim this be heard, As from one humble voice to-day: “Honor to Hiram,—Masons’ lord, “Honor and gratitude we pay!”
The Masonic King Hiram (Huram, CHiram) is a Phoenician who hailed from the ancient holy Island of Crete in the time of Ramesses II and III. Crete was the main home political and Navy base for the ancient Phoenicians for thousands of years, and today we can find the remnants of the first and second Temple of Solomon in ruins at the ancient city of Gnosis, also known as Knossos.
At the time of Hiram and Phoenician rule, It was a mountainous island covered with forests of cedar, cypress, oak, and fir that provided the necessary materials to build Solomon’s Temple, and plenty of skilled Masons, metal workers and mercenary soldiers to complete the job. In fact, there is no other place or people in the history world that would have had the man power with the skills, materials and ships to carry out such a monumental task. We not only have to study history and the scientific evidence to discover who King Hiram was and what country he was from, we also have to use basic common sense and reasoning.
The name of Crete and the surrounding lands they controlled was once called Phoenicia and the people Phoenicians by their cousins who came later, the Greeks. In the Scripture, they are called many names such as the Sidonians, Cretans, Hebrews, Philistines and Canaanites. They called themselves Canaanites from Sidonia. The meaning of the word Canaanite is merchant and it is no secret that they were some of the most well known and traveled merchants that the world has ever known for thousands of years. In fact, they are credited with giving birth to Western civilization which is said to be born on the Holy Island of Crete. (more…)
The ancient holy island of Crete has a history that goes back thousands of years. It is a place where legends were made, Gods and Goddesses born, Saints christened, and wars for rulership of the world fought. Both paradise found, and paradise lost.
Now a place in purgatory from the sins of their fathers. A people scattered amongst nations. Tribes kept in captivity.
Dante tells the story of Crete in Purgatorio, where he has a dream that he is on Mount Ida and is carried up to heaven by an eagle. Upon awakening, Dante finds that during his sleep he had been moved to the lowest part of the Mount that he called just below the Gate of Purgatory.
It is here, where the image with the allegory of the “old man” beneath Mount Ida from whom the three mythological rivers spring, and the statue of the Old Man of Crete who is made of gold, silver, bronze, iron and clay. The Old Man of Crete would be the Father of Zeus (Jupiter, Jove), and husband of Cybele (Rhea, Magna Mater), who is known in mythology as Father Time or Kronos (Saturn), and is the King of Crete. It was on Mount Ida, where Cybele raised her son the infant Jupiter secretly in the care of the priesthood of the Curetes (Priests of Jupiter, Pan), and by their frantic dancing and noise of cymbals concealed him from his father Saturn. (more…)