The Phoenician king of Byblos, Ahiram, also known in both biblical and Freemasonic history as King Hiram had a son named, Ithobaal (Ἰθόβαλος; Hebrew Ethbaal, Ishba’al, Latin – Ithóbalos, Εἰθώβαλος; Eithṓbalos – meaning with Baal).
In the bible, Ithobaal succeeded his father has the King of Tyre and the Sidonians and was the father of Jezebel who was the wife of the seventh king of Northern Israel Kingdom, Ahab. (IKi 16:31). The Jewish historian Josephus tells us he was formerly a priest of Astarte (Ashtoreth), consort of Baal, who usurped the throne and reigned over Tyre and Sidon for 32 years (Contra Apionem i.18.123).
Three years later, in 2015, the scientists pieced together the ancient inscription on the jar which read;
“Ishba’al, son of Beda”.
The meaning they say is “man of Baal, son of Beda.”
The scientists are said to be puzzled about who this king said that only powerful people such as the ruling elite or priesthood had their names etched on pottery which suggests that a man of much importance in Judah used the jar to either store olive oil or wine.
According to Garfinkel and Ganor, “This is the first time that the name Eshba’al has appeared on an ancient inscription in the country. Eshba’al Ben Shaul, who ruled over Israel at the same time as David, is known from the Bible.
Eshba’al was murdered by assassins and decapitated and his head was brought to David in Hebron (2 Samuel 3–4). Inscription on the rim of the pottery It is interesting to note that the name Eshba’al appears in the Bible and now also in the archaeological record, only during the reign of King David, in the first half of the tenth century BC. This name was not used later in the First Temple period.
The correlation between the biblical tradition and the archaeological finds indicates this was a common name only during that period.”
They said, “The name Beda is unique and does not occur in ancient inscriptions or in the biblical tradition.”
However, I disagree with the researchers. In my own research, I have found that the name Beda and several different spelling of the same name have a long tradition both in the bible and in history.
For example, in the Scripture, we find a prophet of Baal named Obadiah who lived at the same exact time when King Ahab reigned and Jezebel.
This name Obadiah you will also find spelled many different ways such as Jehoiada, or in Greek as Abadias (ab-a-di’as), which I believe can be connected to Beda.
Proof of my theory can be easily found when searching scripture we discover in Kings, Obadiah with King Ahab and Jezebel.
So we have a real-life inscription of a Phoenician King found by modern scientists who is named Ishba’al, son of Beda who is also known as Ithobaal (Ἰθόβαλος; Hebrew Ethbaal,Ishba’al, Latin – Ithóbalos, Εἰθώβαλος; Eithṓbalos – meaning with Baal) and had a daughter named Jezebel who he gave to marry King Ahab of Northern Israel.
According to the researchers, the fact that the name Eshba’al was incised on a jar suggests that he was an important person. He was apparently the owner of a large agricultural estate and the produce collected there was packed and transported in jars that bore his name. This is clear evidence of social stratification and the creation of an established economic class that occurred at the time of the formation of the Kingdom of Judah.
Archaeologist believed he probably owned significant agricultural estates.
Saar Ganor, director of excavation at Khirbet Qeiyafa for the Israel Antiquities Authority, said: ‘We have found hundreds of jars in big cities across what was the Kingdom of Judah.
‘This is the only one to have an inscription.
‘For the jar to bear this man’s name, it suggests he was someone very special and important.
The inscription reads: Coffin which Ittobaal, son of Ahiram, king of Byblos, made for Ahiram, his father, when he placed him in the house of eternity . Now if a king among kings or a governor among governors or a commander of an army should come up against Byblos and uncovers this coffin, may the sceptre of his rule be torn away, may the throne of his kingdom be overturned, and may peace flee from Byblos!
The history relating to Ithobaal has been passed down to us by the Roman-Jewish historian Josephus’s whose work was derived from the Phoenician author Menander of Ephesus, in Against Apion i.18.
Menander mentions Ithobalus who Josephus on the authority of the Tyrian annals says in against Apion, i. 18. that Ethbaal, the king of Tyre, whose daughter Jezebel was Ahab’s queen, succeeded Hiram, the contemporary of Solomon.
Here it is said that the previous king, Phelles, “was slain by Ithobalus, the priest of Astarte, who reigned thirty-two years, and lived sixty-eight years; he was succeeded by his son Badezorus (Baal-Eser II), who lived forty-five years and reigned six. His son and successor, Margenus, lived thirty-two years and reigned nine. Pygmalion succeeded him, who lived fifty-six years and reigned forty-seven. In the seventh year of his reign, his sister, Dido, fled and built Carthage in Libya.’
Phelles was said to be the uncle of Ithobalus so he was of the same bloodline.
With that said, it is clear to me that “Ishba’al, son of Beda” is none other than Ithobaal (Ἰθόβαλος; Hebrew Ethbaal, Ishba’al, Latin – Ithóbalos, Εἰθώβαλος; Eithṓbalos) who in the Scripture is named Obadiah.
To be Continued:
Press release by Israel Antiquities Authority
All cited above or open-source and readily available online.
In my research into the Biblical Curse of Cain and history of the Masonic fraternity, I found that the oldest writing ever discovered is a curse written on the stone Sarcophagus of the Phoenician King Ahiram. Many biblical scholars and researchers such as myself have suggested a possible connection to who is also known in both Freemasonic and biblical history as King Hiram.
Ahirom, Ahiram, Amram, and Hiram are alternative spellings of the same name.
He was a ruler of the ancient city of Byblos (Jubal/ Jubayl / Jbeil) which is the same city where the first writing was discovered and also where the Holy Bible is said to have originated. According to the writer Philo of Byblos (quoting Sanchuniathon, and quoted in Eusebius), Byblos is also considered as the world’s “oldest continuously inhabited city.”
The Greeks had given the name of the lands they ruled as “Phoenicia,” and they called the city “Byblos” by the name “Papyrus” because this city was important in the papyrus trade. The Phoenician city, known to the Greeks as Býblos (Βύβλος) and to the Romans as Byblus, was important for their import of papyrus from Egypt.
The curse is written in ancient Phoenician writing with 22 letters, the same number as the Hebrew which also happens to be the world’s first alphabet. The scribes of Byblos were said to have developed this writing which became the precursor of all modern alphabets of Babel and all languages that are spoken today.
This is very important because not only was the world’s oldest curse discovered but it was also the world’s oldest writing in one of the world’s oldest cities where the bible had originated.
The inscription reads;
“A coffin made it [It]tobaal, son of Ahirom, king of Byblos, for Ahirom, his father, lo, thus he put him in seclusion. Now, if a king among kings and a governor among governors and a commander of an army should come up against Byblos; and when he then uncovers this coffin – (then:) may strip off the scepter of his judiciary, may be overturned the throne of his kingdom, and peace and quiet may flee from Byblos.
And as for him, one should cancel his registration concerning the libation tube of the memorial sacrifice.”
Another interesting Freemasonic fact is that the first priest offering tribute to the King appears to be holding a Masonic Square in his right hand. They also look very similar to the Egyptian priesthood proving further connections to Egypt which I have written about many times before.
The Sarcophagus of Ahiram was discovered in 1923 during an excavation in Byblos, which was led by the French archaeologist Pierre Montet. A total of nine tombs belonging to the Phoenician kings were discovered at Byblos.
Hiram’s tomb was discovered after it became exposed from heavy rains that caused the collapse of parts of a hill. The tombs were cut directly into the rock, and it was in tomb V that his sarcophagus, which is made of limestone, was found.
In my many previous articles, I have put forth research showing that Ahiram is also known biblically and Masonically as King Hiram who was the Phoenician King of Tyre on the Holy Island of Crete during the reigns of Egyptian Kings, David and Solomon who I have also connected to Ramesses II and III.
Physical evidence of these facts was found in Ahiram’s tomb when during the excavation some objects bearing the cartouche of Ramesses II (XIII century), were discovered in the burial chamber next to the sarcophagus.
It is said that King Ahiram was succeeded by his son Ithobaal I (Latin Ithobalus, Hebrew Ethbaal) (reigned 591–573 BCE) who is the first to be explicitly entitled King of Byblos. From the inscriptions on the lid of the sarcophagus, it seems clear that the one in charge of the ceremony was the king’s son.
This king is said by religious scholars to be identified with specifically Ithobaal III who according to the list of kings of Tyre of Josephus was reigning contemporary with Ezekiel at the time of the first fall of Jerusalem.
For example in the research I will present to you below, I will show you the very building materials that Hiram had used to build Solomon’s Temple such as the cedars and cyprus trees which can found on Crete. Many great historians have actually said that trees like the cedar had originated there. The same exact wood that archaeologists have discovered in the ruins of the Temple of Knossos on Crete which I know as the true ancient Temple of Solomon.
This takes this research to the next level where it becomes more than just a theory. This is actual Scientific evidence that matches the history, biblical story and masonic legends more than any other location and temple ruins on earth.
There were great forests of cypress in Crete for King Hiram and his Masons to utilize in the building of the Temple.
Some of the world’s greatest philosophers and writers such as Diodorus Siculus, Plato, and Solinus speak of groves of Cypress which were held sacred in Crete, near the ruins of the reputed dwelling of the Goddess Rhea, and in the vicinity of the Cave of Zeus on Mount Ida. The Roman historian and philosopher Pliny had said, that Crete was the first natural habitat for the “cypress trees which sprout spontaneously on Mount Ida on the island of Crete, whenever the soil there is disturbed”. (more…)
And from each pilgrim this be heard, As from one humble voice to-day: “Honor to Hiram,—Masons’ lord, “Honor and gratitude we pay!”
The Masonic King Hiram (Huram, CHiram) is a Phoenician who hailed from the ancient holy Island of Crete in the time of Ramesses II and III. Crete was the main home political and Navy base for the ancient Phoenicians for thousands of years, and today we can find the remnants of the first and second Temple of Solomon in ruins at the ancient city of Gnosis, also known as Knossos.
At the time of Hiram and Phoenician rule, It was a mountainous island covered with forests of cedar, cypress, oak, and fir that provided the necessary materials to build Solomon’s Temple, and plenty of skilled Masons, metal workers and mercenary soldiers to complete the job. In fact, there is no other place or people in the history world that would have had the man power with the skills, materials and ships to carry out such a monumental task. We not only have to study history and the scientific evidence to discover who King Hiram was and what country he was from, we also have to use basic common sense and reasoning.
The name of Crete and the surrounding lands they controlled was once called Phoenicia and the people Phoenicians by their cousins who came later, the Greeks. In the Scripture, they are called many names such as the Sidonians, Cretans, Hebrews, Philistines and Canaanites. They called themselves Canaanites from Sidonia. The meaning of the word Canaanite is merchant and it is no secret that they were some of the most well known and traveled merchants that the world has ever known for thousands of years. In fact, they are credited with giving birth to Western civilization which is said to be born on the Holy Island of Crete. (more…)
The Paraíba Stone Inscription is a script of Phoenician text dated to approximately the sixth century BCE that was found in Paraita, the easternmost state of Brazil. The text tells of the Phoenician Masonic “Merchant King” and “King Hiram” who is called Tyrian King Hiram III (r. 554-533 BCE) in the text.
The Paraíba Inscription also mentions the “Sidonian Canaanites”, who are also known as the Phoenicians, who set sail around Africa and ended up on the shores of Brazil during the nineteenth year of the reign of King Hiram, some 500 years BC. The stone was said to be found in 1872 by slaves on the plantation of a man named Joaquim Alves da Costa.
Here is the complete Paraiba Stone translation:
“We are children of Canaan from Sidon of the Eastern Kingdom of Merchants and are cast, I pray, here beside a central land of mountains (with this) offered choice gift to the Most High Gods and Goddesses in year 19 of King Hiram, I pray (still) strong, from the valley of Ezion-geber of the Red Sea.
Thereby (we) journeyed with 10 ships and we were at sea together assuredly two years around the land of Ham. We were separated by the hand of Baal and no longer remained among our companions, I pray, we have come here, 12 men and 3 women at this new land. Devoted, I make, even whom men of wealth bow the knee, a pledge to the Most High Gods and Goddesses (with) sure hope.”
The Phoenicians sailing to the Americas to places such as Brazil and colonizing the area is by no means a new idea and it has been written about by many experts over the last few hundred years. In the Rio de Janeiro National Museum there are said to be tombstones with Phoenician, Syriac and Sanskrit inscriptions that were found in the Brazilian countryside. (more…)
At the time of the Masonic King Hiram and Phoenician rule of the Holy Island of Crete, it was one of the few places in the world that had plenty of skilled Masons, wood and metal workers to complete the job. Please keep in mind that these masons are real people who were well documented by many historians.
For example, in the legend of Hiram, he is said to be a cunning man. In 2 Chronicles ii., 13, ‘And I have sent a cunning man (endued with understanding) of Hiram my fathers. In the Hebrew text, the word rendered ‘ my father’s’ is in English letters ‘ Abi.’ (The Hebrew word ‘Ab’ signifies ‘father,’ ‘Abi,’ my father, and ‘Abiv,’ his father.)
You will also find in ancient Crete a family of builders who had descended from one of the first documented builder masons who specialized in wood, Daedalus. He is one of the most famous artists and builders of Crete who were the forerunners to the Grecian building communities, and Roman collegia. The very same ancient guilds which modern Freemasonry descends. (more…)
(By 33rd Degree Freemason, Manly P. Hall) – When the mob governs, man is ruled by ignorance; when the church governs, he is ruled by superstition; and when the state governs, he is ruled by fear. Before men can live together in harmony and understanding, ignorance must be transmuted into wisdom, superstition into an illumined faith, and fear into love.
Despite statements to the contrary, Masonry is a religion seeking to unite God and man by elevating its initiates to that level of consciousness whereon they can behold with clarified vision the workings of the Great Architect of the Universe.
From age to age the vision of a perfect civilization is preserved as the ideal for mankind. In the midst of that civilization shall stand a mighty university wherein both the sacred and secular sciences concerning the mysteries of life will be freely taught to all who will assume the philosophic life. (more…)
“The Amen, the true and faithful witness,” Rev. i. 14.
Amon (Ammon, Amun or Amen) is “The Hidden One” who is “King of the Gods,” and the “Lord of the Thrones” of the visible and the invisible worlds. The “Creator God” who was the mysterious soul of the universe which reveals itself in light. Amon is the light, creator, builder and grand architect of the house and temple. Amon is the Hi-Ram, and those of you that are familiar with Freemasonic allegories and history, can relate Amon to the Hiram Abiff of Solomon’s Temple.
“The Hidden One” who is “King of the Gods” and the “Lord of the Thrones” is not some God you will find outside of yourself in the heavens or carved onto an idolatrous stone by the grand architect of the Universe. Nor will you find this Grand Master inside of a Freemasonic lodge. Au contraire Solomon! This God is hidden deep within you and you must Know Thyself in order to find the mysterious Creator God who is the hidden one, King of Gods and the Lord of “Your” Throne.
The throne where King Amon is located is in Ammon’s Horn or the hippocampus situated in your house, or what is more commonly called the head.
Isaiah 65:16 – Whoever invokes a blessing in the land will do so by the God of truth; he who takes an oath in the land will swear by the God of truth. For the past troubles will be forgotten and hidden from my eyes. (more…)
“The Serpent is universally esteemed a legitimate symbol of Freemasonry.”- Signs and Symbols by George Oliver
Two of the most esteemed kings in all of Freemasonry were Solomon, King of Israel, and Hiram, the Phoenician king of Tyre who provided masons cedar and gold for the building of Solomon’s Temple. Many of the world’s most prolific Masonic historians have stated that the Freemasons trace their traditions, rituals and heritage to Solomon’s Temple. (more…)
“The Blazing Star in our Lodges represent Sirius. The Blazing Star has been regarded as an emblem of Omniscience, or the All Seeing Eye, which to the Ancients was the Sun.” – Albert Pike, Morals and Dogma.
The word “Seirios” is Greek for the English “Sirius” meaning “scorching” or “sparkling.” The ancients described the rising of the star Sirius to be associated with the scorching heat of the torrid days of midsummer we know of today as the “dog-days” for this reason. The spirit of Isis was said to be in Dog Star and the Greeks called Sirius the soul and water carrier of Isis. Initiates into the Secret Mysteries of Isis wore masks representing heads of dogs. In the Kyme Aretology, Isis declares that, “I am She that riseth in the Dog Star.” The description of her star in Hesiod’s Shield of Heracles described the influence of the magic of Isis, “Of these men the souls sink into the earth into the house of Hades, but their bones, once the skin has putrefied around them, putrefy in the dark earth under the influence of scorching Sirius.”
Proverbs 2:18 – For her house leads down to death and her paths to the spirits of the dead. (more…)