When our ancestors had looked to the skies for their father planet, lord of the heavens, and king in the sky, they had proclaimed their planetary God to be the giant gas planet that we call today, Jupiter. For many thousands of years, ancient astrologers have always known that Jupiter was the largest first and foremost of the planets in our solar system, and to them, they worshiped it as a God.
Proclus gives us the following as one of the verses of Orpheus: "Jupiter is the king, Jupiter himself is the original source of all things; there is one power, one god, and one great ruler over all. But we have seen that Jupiter and all the other Gods were but names for the Sun; therefore it follows that the Sun, either as emblem or as God himself, was the object of universal adoration."
An example of Jupiter worship can be found all over the ancient world and even in the treaty between Ramses II and Hattusili III of Hatti, the Hittite chief, where they refer to Jupiter as "the lord of the heaven."
Throughout the course of written history of our world in many cultures and all throughout mythology, Jupiter was called by many different names, but one thing is for sure, they had all considered Jupiter as the God of the sky and father to human kind. Over the past 5,000 years, this giant gas planet has been known by many various ancient names such as Zeus, Titan, Osiris, Ham, King David, Jesus, Jupiter-Ammon, Jove, Yahweh, Jehovah, Adonai, Saint Peter, Buddha, Aten (Aden or Adon), Gaden, Dan, Odin (Woden), Nibiru, Marduk, and Jedi (Jeudi or Djedi), just to name a few.
Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system, and is the 5th planet from the Sun. Its diameter is 89,000 miles (the Earth's diameter is 8,000 miles). It is a gas giant along with Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, who are sometimes called together the Jovian or outer planets. The astronomical symbol for the planet Jupiter is pictured to the above left, and is a stylized representation of god's lightning bolt. The planet Jupiter brings joy to life, and if you find this lord of heaven in your natal chart, it is considered the planet of good luck, optimism, success, generosity.
The king of planets has 67 moons that have been discovered since the end of the 19th century. Some of these are called the Jovian moons that have been discovered to be names of lovers, conquests, or daughters of Zeus or the Roman Jupiter. Jupiter's gravitational field controls numerous asteroids that are known as the Trojan asteroids, and are divided into Greek and Trojan "camps" to commemorate the Iliad.
Jupiter's day, is where we get the name for the day of the week that is called 'Thursday,' or "Thor's Day." This day is named after the Anglo-Saxon and Viking son of Odin (Woden), Thor who is a hammer-wielding god associated with thunder, lightning, storms, oak trees, strength, the protection of mankind, and also hallowing, healing and fertility. The God Thor who is depicted as a man, and is the SO BELOW son representation of the AS ABOVE Father Odin, who is Jupiter.
Many kings had also taken on the name of Jupiter and became Thors' in their own right. Jupiter as God's hammer is found in other names, such as Husham (Ham) or Hammer and the Kohen Judas Maccabeus (the Hammer). Also the French King, Charles Martels' name means "the Hammer." King David and David, Daoud, or Dood means the beloved, and as a mythical character the beloved one, the Lord’s anointed. The father of the children of Ammon was called King Hadad, whose name simple means Son of Dod or David. Be-dad, or Bon-dad, “the son of Dad,” was the father of the Edomite, Hadad and in an inscription found at Ostia, which dates 177-180, Hadad of Baalbek, or Jupiter Heliopolitanus, bears the title "Angel."
In the bible, Japheth which means Jupiter, is one of the sons of Noah in the Abrahamic tradition and was the father of all the Indo-European people. Both the early Irish Celts and the early Britons traced the descent of their royal houses from Japheth, as did also the early Saxons who corrupted his name to Sceaf,--pr. 'sheaf' or 'shaif' (see chapter 7). (Refs: 1DB 2:802. NBD599. JA1.vi.1. P 1:26) In Acts 14:12, Barnabas a Levite who is from the Tribe of Levi they called Zeus (Jupiter), and Paul they called Hermes because he was the chief speaker. Jupiter is also referred to as a star where it is called the great star, blazing like a torch, and the morning star. It is said that Jupiter underwent two eclipses by the Moon in Aries in 6 BC, and that the Star of Bethlehem may in fact be in Aries the Ram.
The Romans whose language is Latin, renamed the planet yēu-pəter (Iuppiter, Iūpiter - Pater/Father or the nominative: *Dyēus-pətēr, meaning “O Father Sky-God”, or “O Father Day-God”) and this is where we get the modern English spelling of Jupiter. He was the ruler of the lower world or Jove, which is the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder.
In ancient Rome, Jupiter was often connected to kings and kingship. Jupiter was served by the patrician Flamen Dialis, the highest-ranking member of the flamines. Many of the world's top military leaders and kings such as Alexander the Great,
The Sumerians had called Jupiter Nibiru (Neberu ) and also mulu-babber – “bright sun-like star.” Nibiru simply means “ferry, ferryman, or ford” (mikis nibiri is the toll one has to pay for crossing the river), and is another title for Jupiter as it changes its position and crosses the sky.
The star of Babylon and Marduk frequently spoken of in the Inscriptions is Jupiter. The Babylonians had used a 12-year orbit of Jupiter along the ecliptic to define the constellations of their zodiac, and this planet also had represented their god Marduk. Marduk is the chief god to emerge in Babylon who had defeated Tiamat, the Serpent of Chaos; the Ancient One, mother of the gods and all abominations of chaos (CHAO). In Hebrew the word is Tehom, which is etymologically related to the name Tiamat, the Babylonian primordial sea and goddess of the Enuma Elish. The etymology of the name Marduk is conjectured as derived from amar-Utu (“bull calf of the sun god Utu”). He was also regarded as the son of Ea (Sumerian Enki) and Damkina, and the heir of Anu. The ancient Akkadians, Assyrians, Chinese, and Phoenicians had known Anu to be the king of the Anunnaki.
The Greeks had called Jupiter Φαέθων Phaethon, “blazing", and in mythology they gave this planet the name, Zeus and also Adonis. In Greek mythology, Taurus was identified with Zeus, who assumed the form of a magnificent white bull to abduct Europa, a legendary Phoenician princess. The Greeks associated Aries with the Ram, who carried Phrixus and his sister Helle on his back to Colchis (the Georgian region of the Caucasus) to escape the evil designs of their stepmother, Ino (Jupiter Moon Io) who was about to kill them. Aries' symbol, , represents the spiral horns of a Ram. The Hebrew word for a ram's horn was shofar, from Hebrew shophar, 'ram's horn,' related to Arabic sawafiru, 'ram's horns,' Akkadian shapparu, 'wild goat.' The picture to the right is an actual real coin with an image of the Greek conqueror, Alexander the Great with ram's horns in the place of his Ammon's Horn or hippocampus. Upon Alexander's visit to the Oracle of Ammon at the Siwa Oais, the priests there had ordained Alexander to be the son of Jupiter-Amon and the horns on these coins confirm this.
In Ancient Egypt at the City of Son (Jupiter?) of the Sun, Heliopolis, the bull was worshiped as Mnewer, the embodiment of Atum-Ra. The Israelites had called Jupiter by the Hebrew (Phoenician) names Yahweh, Jehovah and now Adonai who in the bible would be the idol of the Golden Calf. In modern Judaism, the name Yahweh has been replaced with the word Adonai, meaning Lord. Most scholars believe “Jehovah” to be a late (ca. 1100 CE) hybrid form derived, by combining the Latin letters JHVH, with the vowels of Adonai. The royal court and temple of Israel, who I believe may have been Ramses II and Hattusili III of Hatti, the Hittite chief, had promoted Yahweh (Jupiter) as God of the entire cosmos, possessing all the positive qualities previously attributed to the other gods and goddesses.
“Give thanks unto Yahweh, for he is good, His mercy endures forever!
It is better to trust in Yahweh than men,
Better, in Yahweh than princes.
Blessed is he who comes in the name of Yahweh!
We greet them from Yahweh’s house.
God Yahweh gives us light;
Bind the festive offering with cords to the altar.
Thou art my God, I will praise thee!